One of the busiest and most beautiful avenues in Culiacán is the avenue Alvaro Obregón, colloquially called “La Obregón”. During weekdays thousands of people cross this road from north to south to get to work, school or malls. For this reason, on a drizzling Sunday morning and while the majority of the citizens of Culiacán were still in their houses I took the decision to do a photographic tour by the main buildings of this very important street of the capital of Sinaloa.
On the corner of Ciudades Hermanas with Obregón there is a pretty garden, small, well-kept and adorned with palm trees. The people who attend the mass at the Lomita, one of the best known catholic churches in the city dedicated to the Virgin of Guadalupe, and that is located on a hill which possesses a great view of the city and you can get to the park by the its long stairs. This is where we started our photographic tour.
By the Obregon, between Leyva Solano Boulevard and Francisco Villa Street, is the sports center Juan S. Millán, which was previously called “Parque Revolución”, it was built more than 50 years ago and where great artistic and sport events were held. Here is where Julio César Chávez made his professional debut as boxer. It is currently the house of the city basketball team, Caballeros de Culiacan.
Inaugurated on October 8th, 1842, the building that today hosts the city hall of Culiacán by the avenue Obregón, between Mariano Escobedo and Benito Juárez, meant for the people that lived in the Ville of San Miguel something never seen before, because it was the first two floor building with such a beauty in its construction. At the beginning it was built as the National Tridentine seminary of Sonora and Sinaloa, being one of the most important on the northwest of the country that operated until the Reform war. The building that harbors the City Hall of Culiacán since 1980, was proposed in similarity to the European cloisters, with a main yard surrounded by semicircular arches and rooms all around the perimeter. According to the chronicle of Culiacán, its edification was an odyssey. In 1799, the Bishop from Sonora, Fray Francisco María Rousset de Jesús negotiated with the authorities in charge of the installation of a Seminar School where the priests needed for the parishes from the northwest zone were to graduate. For that, he searched for a location where to build, and he found it a hundred steps south from the local Cathedral, where there was a big orchard and a small hermitage dedicated to San José. The Bishop bought the land with his own money, hired an expert in masonry of last name Flores and the foundations to start the work were opened.
The resources were not enough, and 29 years away from the beginning of the project, on May 13th, 1838, under the direction of Lázaro de la Garza and Ballesteros, the seventh bishop of Sonora, the edification continued. After four years, the work was completed, with rocks brought from Mojolo, Imala and Badiraguato, styled by artisans that De la Garza and Ballesteros got from within the country.
In different stages of the history of the state, the building was used as a blood hospital in war times, or depositary of administrative offices of the government in peaceful times. In 1917, the governor Ramón F. Iturbe got the federal authorities to agree to give the building to turn it into the Hospice Francisco I. Madero, which gave accommodation, food and education to the children of the deceased in the battlefields of Sinaloa during the Mexican Revolution. There was also established the feminine school Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, in 1947, which hosted the Normal Urban Evening School, name which made it independent from the Normal School, until 1960, when the governor Gabriel Leyva Velázquez disposed it to work as the Government Palace of the State.
When arriving to Angel Flores Street we can see the Cathedral of Saint Michael Archangel, previously known as Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of the Rosary, which is the headquarters of the diocesan of Culiacán, as well as the most ancient of the city, appearing in records since 1842. On May 12th of that same year the building of it started thanks to the initiative of the seventh Bishop of Sonora and Sinaloa, Lázaro de la Garza y Ballesteros, and was finished in 1855.
It has a neoclassic architecture with some strokes of baroque. Its frontage presents different incrustations of pink quarry. On the corner of Obregón and Zaragoza, you can find the Casino of Culiacán, currently the Casino of the Culture. Designed and built in 1943 by the engineer Constantino Haza Peralta, in this building the parties of the best of the society of Culiacán were held during many years. After that it was abandoned for some time and today has been restored to bring back part of its old life. Its style is Art Deco, with some applications a bit more modern that give it great elegance. In the interior of the building a small library is currently running as well as an artisanal exposition, and a gallery with photographs and memories of the carnivals and other parties that have been celebrated in the building along its history. The most ancient bridge built in Culiacán, made in 1904, is the bridge Miguel Hidalgo (Also known before as Cañedo), which links the avenue Álvaro Obregon from the center to the north of the city. It has ramps to both piers. From there Parque las Riberas (Riberas’s park) is visible, located by the Urban Development Tres Rios, by the riveras of the rivers Humaya and Tamazula. It is a space of about 120 hectares with natural characteristics clear to identify because due to its location is now integrated to the urban development and is defined as the public sustainable space for recreation most important of Culiacán. It is a very big park, where people can be spectators of beautiful sunsets and where lots of families go to spend some time outdoors. We concluded our photographic tour at the Civil Hospital of Culiacán, located by Tierra Blanca on Álvaro Obregón Avenue # 1422.The building of this now hospital was built on some piece of land donated by the family Valenzuela during the government of the Ing. Juan de Dios Bátiz in the twenties and the building concluded during the government of the General Macario Gaxiola. The official opening was held on September 16th, 1932 by the governor of that time, Macario Gaxiola, being his first administrator, Doctor Mario Camelo y Vega.
It is also important to mention that the Civil Hospital of the State was its name during those days and was the first great construction work done in the health area in Sinaloa by the revolutionary regime.
Virtual Reality (VR)
Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices
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How this Virtual Tour was made
The equipment used to perform virtual tour are the following:
- Nikon D810 DSLR Camera
- Lens Sigma 8 mm Fisheye
- Nodal Ninja NN4 Tripod Head
- Manfrotto 190 Carbon Fiber Tripod
- Remote Switch
The software processing of the image was
- Lightroom to process RAW files
- PTGui for stitching images
- Photoshop general and local settings
- PanoTour Pro for generating virtual tour
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Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
Traducción al idioma inglés realizada por la Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa a través del Centro de Estudio de Idiomas Culiacán. English language translation made by Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa through the collaboration of Centro de Estudio de Idiomas Culiacán