The Hospice “Cabañas”, owes its name to the bishop Juan Cruz Ruiz de Cabañas, who arrived to Mexico in 1796 and had the purpose of constructing a shelter for orphaned children, the elderly and the helpless. 

Bishop Cabañas asked the Valencian architect Manuel Tolsá for the design of this important project and, Tolsá entrusted the execution to his pupil Jose Gutierrez. 

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In 1810 it opened its doors as a “The house of charity and mercy”.

For its neo-classical architecture style, this building is one of the most significant and emblematic of Mexico. 

The most important political and social events of the 19th and 20th centuries have taken place in it. 

During the course of time it has been everything from an orphanage to even barracks during the War of Independence. 

Currently, it is home to the Cabañas Cultural Institute, a place that holds the legacy and masterpiece of the artist from Jalisco, José Clemente Orozco, with one of the most important collections of work on paper and the 57 murals made alfresco in the main Chapel of the building.

Hospicio Cabañas

Currently, it is home to the Cabañas Cultural Institute, a place that holds the legacy and masterpiece of the artist from Jalisco, José Clemente Orozco

Since 1980, the Cabañas Cultural Institute presents exhibitions of great importance at a national and international level, with work of local, national and foreign artists. 

In its educational offering it provides lectures, conferences, workshops, and tables of dialogue aimed at all audiences.

Because of its architectural beauty and important historical and cultural history, it was declared a Cultural Heritage of humanity by UNESCO in 1997. 

Among its many purposes it has the cinema room “Guillermo del Toro’, a library specialized in art and Museology open to the public and a creative space where children and young adults develop activities similar to the ones in the exhibition.

Hospicio Cabañas

Because of its architectural beauty and important historical and cultural history, it was declared a Cultural Heritage of humanity by UNESCO in 1997. 

It also has a store of articles alluding to exhibitions and activities on this site, such as catalogs, books, jewelry, accessories, t-shirts, and puzzle, among others. 

And to take a breath, after crossing the magnificent murals of José Clemente Orozco and its emblematic enclosure, the Institute invites visitors to take a break in its cafeteria.

“REPRODUCTION AUTHORIZED BY THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FINE ARTS AND LITERATURE, 2016”

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How this Virtual Tour was made

When I visited Cabañas Cultural Institute, I was told of the importance of its activities in research, conservation and dissemination of its three collections, of which two are among the most important in the country: José Clemente Orozco and artist German Mathias Goeritz. 

The third collection is that of Roberto Montenegro (Folk Art).

The Orozco collection, considered the artist’s largest public collection consists of over 300 works on paper and 10 piroxilinas. 

The beauty of this building is truly amazing.

The authorization I got to make this virtual tour was to be carried out at five in the afternoon when the sunlight was coming through the windows with great intensity, which caused a very complex contrast, with that comes the risk of the inside being underexposed if we want to rescue the picture quality on windows or in any case a good exposure inside but sacrificing the luminous parts and “burning them.” 

The solution, as I always do in these cases, is to make two exhibitions, one inward and the second to the windows and through the technique luminance masks, merge the two photographs.

The result … excellent!!!

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Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa

English language translation made by Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa through the collaboration of Centro de Estudio de Idiomas 

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