The building that today we know as Municipal Palace in San Miguel de Allende, was formally known as the town hall or Royal houses. Its function has not changed, is still the seat of local power. It is particularly significant for the history not only of San Miguel de Allende but of all Mexico because in it heads of the insurgency met in order to organize and structure the first army rebel, as well as to install the first free town hall, on September 17, 1810. Summoned by Don Ignacio Allende and Don Miguel Hidalgo, the main inhabitants of the Villa, gathered at the Town Hall of the royal houses, they choose Lic. Ignacio Aldama as first Chief and put him in charge of the military headquarters of the population and district. Without a doubt, this was a national event, as it marked the beginning of a new way of choosing leaders. This building has a high historical and architectural value, it has managed to keep the original function of a council. However, the original configuration is very different to what you see today. The originally built spaces were made for various purposes; the uses varied "...Prison, grain storage, crafts and House of the Mayor..." Therefore it requires spaces with different dimensions and characteristics. This building has a high historical and architectural value, it has managed to keep the original function of a council. The ground floor clearly had two sectors. The west one was destined for the jail and consisted of three areas: the entry, the courtyards, and the cells. The east side was constructed for the office of the public offices and for the storage of the corn. To go to the corn exchange, an alley existed between the Royal houses and the building that was adjoining towards the east. The high plant had three sectors. The east side was dedicated to Mayor and his family, which was composed by four corridors arranged south to north; that of the south end had windows towards the square and towards the side face. The south sector was composed by three corridors; the center was devoted for the meetings of the council (hence its name); towards the west side a chapel was located, while towards the east a small entry room. This important building was built between 1737 and 1738. Its construction is mainly due to the initiative of Don Francisco de Lanzagorta, who asked the council to build a new building for the Royal houses and Corn Exchange, under which this would be beneficial for the inhabitants of the Villa of San Miguel El Grande. This request was endorsed by the Mayor of the town, Don Bartolomé de Guzmán, who was always interested in the construction of the building. For this purpose, it was necessary to buy a property in the Central Square that had one greater surface to which had the building of the ancient royal houses, which in 1736 were still located in the Plaza de la Soledad. For this purpose, it was necessary to buy a property in the Central Square that had one greater surface to which had the building of the ancient royal houses, which in 1736 were still located in the Plaza de la Soledad. Thus, the council managed to get the land on the north side of the parish Plaza (today Plaza Allende or main garden). However, the retrieved property was not sufficient for the sought out characteristics that the "New Royal House Factory” pretended on having. In such a way it was decided to buy a "piece of site" to the West that had already been obtained. But Don Pedro Zamarripa, owner of the site, strictly opposed to sell the council the requested land. The problem dragged on for four years, and it became necessary to go before the High Court of justice so that the issue could be solved. Finally, in 1739, after a long legal process, the council desisted from obtaining the property. The blueprint appears in the catalog of illustrations of the General File of the Mexican Nation (Not. 782 and 783 Catalog of Enlightenment, Volume I, PP99-100) it was ordered to be made by the lawyer or representative of Mr. Zamarripa like part of its arguments not to sell the property; the architect who did the construction was Manuel Alvarez. The construction corresponds to the building that began during the legal process against Zamarripa. Architect Alvarez makes some comments in the blueprints with regard to the possibilities to having the building extended, without the need to affect the adjacent property, today Inn of San Francisco. Once the building was finished the Parochial Square became the Main Plaza, after the council was moved to the ancient Consistorial Houses, which were locating in the Square of the Solitude, to the new Royal houses, a place that up to today keeps on being the head office of the local power. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made San Miguel de Allende is a city full of all kind of attractions. It has been recognized as the city of celebration, tradition, art and culture. For where one looks, beautiful objects and constructions are there to be appreciated and enjoyed. Very few cities in the world are so colorful. Beauty is everywhere. But the historical buildings of colonial architecture, almost 500 years old of the historic center are something special. On the spherical picture perhaps the most complicated part is to replace the Nadir of the image to prevent the tripod, so that must be a freehand additional photography and through PTGui is replaced. This is more complicated in floors as the plank of wood in the council room of the Town Hall of San Miguel de Allende.
 
The religious group that forms the Temple and the Convent of the Most Pure Conception, represents one of the most important accomplishments of the population that lived in Villa de San Miguel the Great (today known as Allende) in the XVIII century. The Royal Convent of the Most Holy Pure Conception was built by the initiative of María Josefa Lina de la Canal y Hervas (1736 – 1770). Today is the Cultural Center Nigromante “Bellas Artes”. When her parents died María Josefa Lina de la Canal inherited a capital of 70 000 pesos. In 1751, only fifteen years old girl, she expressed her desire to be a religious woman. The Royal Convent of the Most Holy Pure Conception was built by the initiative of María Josefa Lina de la Canal y Hervas (1736 – 1770). Today is the Cultural Center Nigromante “Bellas Artes”. It was priest Luís Felipe Neri de Alfaro the first one to know her desire, who recommended for her move to the sanctuary of Atotonilco, to shape her thoughts with the help of prayer and penance. After eight days of confinement, she was not only confirming her already made decision to take holy orders, but also to founding a convent at Villa de San Miguel the Great, dedicated with deep fervor to the Inmaculated Conception, using only the money inherited from her father. On September 21st, 1754 King Fernando VI issued a license to build up the temple, from Spain. From the first moments of the founding of the convent until the opening of the new temple, María Josefa de la Canal worked to support economically and spiritually the project that she herself had thought of. She passed away five years after the opening of the Convent of the Conception (on august 9th, 1770). The building of the Temple and Convent of the Most Pure Conception was done by an architect from Queretaro, Francisco Martínez Gudiño. The building of the Temple and Convent of the Most Pure Conception was done by an architect from Queretaro, Francisco Martínez Gudiño. Gudiño used the help of three artists from San Miguel: Pedro Joaquín de Tapia and Salvador Antonio Hernández, who had great experience and were masters in architecture. He also used the advice of Francisco de Lara Villagomez. The construction of the Temple started in 1755 and ten years later (on December 28th, 1765) was inaugurated with the relocation of the nuns into the new building. The Temple was still unfinished. It was missing the towers, the chancel bell tower and altars. These were concluded during the first half of the XIX century. The dome was another of the great things missing of the temple. It was the work of the master mason Zeferino Gutiérrez (who also built the façade pseudo gothic of the parochial temple). He got his inspiration from the monumental church of the invalids from Paris, with the help from a great Mexican artist, known as Dr. Atl. The dome is made of two parts, the first one is sustained by pairs of columns that frame eight large windows; then follows a small fringed railing by small hollows formed by a semicircular arch. The second part is made of a balustrade that holds statues of saints put exactly above each pair of columns of the first body; finally the dome has a magnificent cupola where the image of the Most Pure Conception is. The Temple of the Conception has a very valuable pictorial collection, with the work of renowned novo Hispanics painters from the XVII century; just to mention, two portraits of the Virgin Mary and Jesus, made by painter Miguel Cabrera; a series of the life of the Virgin from the brush of Juan Rodríguez Juárez; a Heart of Jesus by Jesús Gómez, made in 1820 and some works of Miguel Antonio Martínez de Pocasangre (who decorated the Temple of the Sanctuary of Atotonilco). Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet How this Virtual Tour was made This religious group is really a gem of the architecture of San Miguel de Allende. The photography of the interiors were taken during the afternoon, around four, when the sun was on the zenith and thanks to that the windows were not over exposed. However, I still had to use a number of times the known technique of the lights mask, for conditions where the interiors do not have much illumination and are large windows. It is very useful to mix pictures. The photography of the outside was done very early, around six in the morning, getting a hue blue that I really like. Visiting San Miguel de Allende is a real pleasure. On every street you can take infinite pictures. A really recommended place.
 
What it was once a textile factory, now is a house of paintings, sculptures and handicrafts made by great living artists of San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato. The Cultural Center of Art and Design, Aurora, which is seen as one of the main attractions of the city of San Miguel de Allende, has a great cause for celebration: its first twelve years of history. After being an important labor sector in the textile industry for nine decades, the walls of Factory Aurora changed to house: paintings and handicrafts in exchange for the looms which had already given it fame and recognition. Thus in 2004, under the auspices of Don Francisco Garay and initiative of creative value of Christopher Fallon, Mary Rapp, Merry Calderoni and DeWayne Youts; all of them American artists who arrived to the city in order to reflect their experiences through mastery of the brush, sculpture and designing, firsts workshops of what eventually would become a cultural center for the arts. Thus in 2004, under the auspices of Don Francisco Garay and initiative of creative value of Christopher Fallon, Mary Rapp, Merry Calderoni and DeWayne Youts; all of them American artists who arrived to the city in order to reflect their experiences through mastery of the brush, sculpture and designing, firsts workshops of what eventually would become a cultural center for the arts. Since then in addition to the halls of the factory, there are contemporary art galleries, designer furniture shops and décor, as well as antiques, jewelry, linens and whites, restaurants and perhaps the main attraction of the place: gallery studios, which today provide gorgeous color that attracts countless “sanmiguelenses”, tourists and everybody who show affection for art. “Today, the essence of the factory is created by the artists who have reunited here from the start, like Christopher Fallon, who was heavily involved in the early factory, in concepts and in remodeling its spaces. So I think that the factory has adopted the personalities and creativity of the people who have been gathering here ", Lic. Francisco Garay says, son of Don Francisco who was the owner and pioneer of the factory. A stroll through the Aurora leads to multiple scenarios. From the simple pleasure of spending an afternoon touring its halls and open studies, including paintings, antiques, books and sculptures, to the possibility of meeting face to face with an artist in the middle of exchanging of ideas and opinions while they enjoy a dish in the cafes of the place or while they fight about the conquest of their canvases. "Mary Rapp, sculptress established in Aurora since it opened as an arts center, said, "The walls of my study still bear the marks of the machines when it was a factory, those marks that I consider art. Some of the artists who are here perform open-label study, each with a schedules that you can check on the website, where people who are interested can see us in our process of creation. " "Mary Rapp, sculptress established in Aurora since it opened as an arts center, said, "The walls of my study still bear the marks of the machines when it was a factory, those marks that I consider art. Some of the artists who are here perform open-label study, each with a schedules that you can check on the website, where people who are interested can see us in our process of creation. " Finally, with an affinity and warmth of hundreds of families that each week visit the various areas that frame the cultural center. Here, recognized national and international artists tie in with more than a decade of history of the place, where they have managed to find a space to develop their creativity and a vitrine for their work. Likewise the vision and interpretations of writers such as Edward Swift, who have taken free time to elucidate the walls of the factory in pages, and thus make it their own for inspiration in the creation of their memory. Years of scenes whose protagonists, painters, sculptors, gallery owners and guests, projected on the other's face appropriate to take inspiration from this place the memory of its works. That essence that combines the artistic identity of a city and immediate reference to its tourists. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet www.fabricalaaurora.com How this Virtual Tour was made Aurora is a unique place in San Miguel de Allende, more than an art gallery it is a space that has a historical atmosphere dating from the early twentieth century, its perfect for discovering the entire collection of art and decorative objects that houses this joint framework. In this art gallery different national and foreign artists have found a space to develop their creativity and at the same time exhibiting their work. Large walls, natural light that permeates the entire building and the breadth of its open spaces. Photo sphere in well-lit and full of objects and works of art spaces are wonderful, by the great contrasts that can get in the images and highlight the saturated colors, yellows, oranges and blues of great impact.
 
The City Hall of Guanajuato is located at La Paz Square facing Nuestra Señora de Guanajuato Basilica. This building was built in 1710, and originally was one of the royal houses. Later, it was seat to the “Alcaldía Mayor” (the supreme court from the old regime of the Hispanic America), then to the intendant and province, and finally to the state of Guanajuato. In this house, Benito Juárez was the president who declared the city of Guanajuato as the capital of the Mexican Republic. In this house, Benito Juárez was the president who declared the city of Guanajuato as the capital of the Mexican Republic when the country was under the French intervention in 1858. To remember this event, are displayed an allusive plate and sculpted his face beside the main gate. On the main staircase is displayed a mural by José Chávez Morado as reference to the then president Juárez. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made Some times when making 360 spherical pictures we may find that there are placed some mirrors on the walls where can be seen our reflections, and one of the interestings of the Virtual Reality is that the photographer shouldn’t be seen. There are various ways to solve this problem. I suggest two: the first one is using the Clone tool in Photoshop if the area behind the camera has a uniform texture, and the second one, as we did in this occasion, you can take a flat photo and use masking-layers in Photoshop to fuse the two pictures. The result is awesome.
 
Originally built in 1955 next to Plaza de la Soledad, not the garden but the Square was the meeting point for activities of the population, and the marketplace then. Nowadays, the equestrian statue of Ignacio Allende is the main attraction of the square. The building located at the northeast corner of the square was once San Francisco de Sales College, which attended the Independence heroes, Aldama, Umarán, and Allende. Ignacio Allende He was born in January 21st, 1769, in San Miguel el Grande, currently known as San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato. He was born in January 21st, 1769, in San Miguel el Grande, currently known as San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato. His parents were Domingo Narciso de Allende from Spain and Doña Marina Unzaga, a rich Spanish family who worked in trading and agriculture. He studied at San Francisco de Sales College where he met Aldama brothers, who would be part of the independence movement. His military career started in 1795 when as for the necessity to base a military headquarters in San Miguel el Grande, it was authorized the integration of the Queen’s Dragons Provincial Regiment in the area. Allende got the lieutenant rank and got ratified by royal consent in February, 1796. In January 1801, Viceroy Félix Berengues de Marquita got him the lieutenant rank of grenadiers, under the command of General Félix María Calleja, and got moved to the north of New Spain. He contacted members of liberal groups and colonial army ́s officers who agreed with his ideal of freedom and independence. When he got back to San Miguel in 1808, he participated in meetings of conspirators. In 1809, he participated in the conspiracy of Ignacio Allende Valladolid, leaded by José María Obeso and José María Michelena, which got discovered and the leaders were arrested, though Allende managed to escape. Ignacio Allende was shot in Chihuahua in June 26th, 1811. His head was displayed at La Alhóndiga de Granaditas, Guanajuato. His mortal remains lie in the Independence Column in Mexico City. He meets the priest of Dolores, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, and promotes the organization of various insurgent centers; the most relevant was in Querétaro. Initially, the decision was to start the uprising in September 17th, 1818, in San Juan de los Lagos, leaded by Allende and Aldama. The arrest of Mayor Dominguez, forced them to, at the dawn of September 16, 1810, in Dolores town, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, along with Ignacio Allende and Juan Aldama, decide to immediately organize the uprising against the Spanish domain, and start the independence movement. He was proclaimed generalissimo when Hidalgo resigned the command in January, 1811. In his trip to the north of the country, he was captured in Acatita de Baján, Coahuila, with the other insurgent leaders due to that they were betrayed by Elizondo. He got sent to Chihuahua, where he was indicted as rebel and sentenced to death. Ignacio Allende was shot in Chihuahua in June 26th, 1811. His head was displayed at La Alhóndiga de Granaditas, Guanajuato. His mortal remains lie in the Independence Column in Mexico City. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made Taking the spherical picture of Plaza Cívica in Sand Miguel de Allende is also remembering a part of our Country’s history, when General Ignacio Allende, distinguished Mexican soldier who untiringly fought in the pro-independence movement to see our nation free and independent from the Spanish domain. Thus, this Creole born in Mexican territory is seen as one of the architects of the Mexican independence. In the middle of the Square was built a monument to honor him. I took these pictures using the Nodal Ninja rod at a 3 meters-high with an f/8 diaphragm aperture, ISO 100 and 1/125 second speed. My personal suggestion is that when using nodal rods to take spherical pictures this high, the speed should be over 1/50 to avoid that the picture is blurred.
 
Apart from the makeshift theaters and tents that were in the Villa for comedies and colloquial shows that were represented by comedians at parties, there wasn’t, until the late nineteenth century, a theater, as required by the already important city of San Miguel. It is in April of 1871 when the construction of the theater started under the initiative of the Principal Revenue Manager Don Juan Mañón, with the help of the Municipal Treasury, and a group of the main residents of the city. Two years later in 1873, the construction was completed with adobe walls and roof shingles, waiting for its opening, without even having thought of a name for it. A magnificent coincidence solved both issues, as it was the time when the Mexican soprano Angela Peralta surprised Mexico with her wonderful voice, being in the state of Guanajuato around those days. It was decided by neighbors who were delighted by the idea of Angela Peralta inaugurating the theater giving it her name in memory of the great event. It was decided by neighbors who were delighted by the idea of Angela Peralta inaugurating the theater giving it her name in memory of the great event. Peralta gratefully accepted and in late April went to San Miguel, she caused so much enthusiasm once she reached the city which upon reaching the step called the Cachinches, on the banks of the city, and she pulled the mules of the carriage to serve as a traction for the one that the famous Mexican Nightingale came in. She made her debut on Sunday May 11th with Rigoletto upon the neighborhood and village of San Miguel, which filled not only the theater but also the street. On the other days that she was there, Ruy Blas and the Troubadour sang, giving a final extraordinary function of opera, with Lucia Lammermor by general request. Such an elegant and intelligent host for San Miguel de Allende these remarkable and heartfelt words of Peralta, that other publics would envy: "Before leaving this cheerful and friendly city, where from its authorities to the humblest of its children have filled me with considerations; giving my last farewell to my new and dear friends, that try beyond what could be rationally expected to give me until the end to honor my memory inaugurating under my name its new and elegant theater, I want to leave proof of my special recognition, and for this I have organized a function, that in the capital of the Republic would be envious of, and that, against my habit, I dedicate each and every one of the children of San Miguel de Allende, as the kindest memory of my affection, as the purest expression of my deep gratitude. " After the opening of the new theater Angela Peralta, all associations that went to Guanajuato, also acted in San Miguel, in addition to the permanent association of fans who was formed by Don Jose Manuel de Sauto in 1880. After the opening of the new theater Angela Peralta, all associations that went to Guanajuato, also acted in San Miguel, in addition to the permanent association of fans who was formed by Don Jose Manuel de Sauto in 1880. In 1886 the first repair was made to the theater, with the cooperation of the painter and decorator Don Nicolás González Caballero, a repair that was ordered by the association of fans, which was composed of the following neighbors: Ma. Dolores Cadena, Soledad Ibiescas, Josefina Nava, Don Rafael Ortiz and Ma. Guadalupe Caballero was the first soprano, Maria Garibay, Mari and Eugenia Velez and others. As tenors Don Alberto Sautto and Fermin Olivares and the famous tenor comedian Don Jose Luz Guerrero, baritone Don Francisco Bermudez and bass Don Rafael Ortiz and Don Rafael de la Poza and conducting the orchestra Don Luis de la Canal. The political boss Don Vicente Gutiérrez conditioned the tin roof, under which the famous Esperanza Iris achieved great victories, and finally, in 1915, being political boss Don Antonio Abarca constructed the present facade, beautiful work full of harmony, simplicity and good taste, classic style, drawing the clear talent and great artistic disposition of humble master bricklayer Don Antonio de la Sierra. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made When we arrived at the theater Angela Peralta, some technicians were installing parts of sound equipment and a group of extraordinary musicians, " Jazz a lo Cubano " directed by maestro Gabriel Hernandez were rehearsing for the gala that they would do dat night along with other prominent artists. Situation that we took advantage of and proposed them to continue working to have images that show the how the public achieves with great effort and dedication the high quality of its music and how intense the activity is in everyday life of the theater, where you have to make many modifications according to each event that is to be carried out.
 
The construction of this historic building in the city of Guanajuato, began in 1797 with the purpose of serving as a granary for the population, and took twelve years to complete. Its builders were Juan de Dios Trinidad Perez and Francisco Ortiz de Castro which used a budget of 218,306 pesos. The building has hosted important national events, and now houses the Regional Museum of Guanajuato under the supervision of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH). History Right after the construction was finished in 1809, food began to be stored inside and it was a year later when the independence battle, for which it is best known, took place: On September 28th, 1810, the rebel army arrived to Guanajuato, rich Spaniards and some natives took refuge inside, because they were loyal to the king and also feared that their resources would be taken away. So thanks to thick walls and sturdy doors, those inside thought they could withstand the assault. Thanks to the mining hero known as 'Pípila ' the capture was achieved, he tied a slab of stone onto his back, and approached the door to set it on fire. It was only thanks to the mining hero known as 'The Pípila ' the capture was achieved, he tied a slab of stone onto his back (so he wouldn’t get shot ), he got close enough to sprinkle oil on the door and set it on fire, achieving to let in the rebels. It should be noted that the realists were practically massacred. In another event, after the defeat of the troops commanded by Hidalgo and Allende, it was ordered for all the heads of these (besides Aldama and Jose Mariano Jimenez ) to be hung in cages that were located in the four corners of the " Castle of Granaditas " as a sign of punishment of those who were rebelled against the viceroy. These heads were exposed for almost ten years. After gaining independence the granary was still used to store grain, as well as being the venue for buying and selling grain and later served as military barracks, until the time of the second empire of Maximilian of Hapsburg in 1864, when it became a prison. In fact, it is still possible to see places where prisoners carved signatures, drawing and other things with stones. The prison was later abandoned in 1949, and in 1958 the federal and state government of the state of Guanajuato decided to turn it into a museum. This museum has a total of fourteen rooms (ten permanent exhibitions) with themes of archeology, history, art and crafts of Guanajuato, among others. It has celebrated both its 200th anniversary of its founding as well as 50 years of its didactic use for lectures, temporary exhibitions, book presentations and photographs, as well as conferences of various intellectuals. It is noteworthy to mention that many institutions include a visit to the granary as a part of their curriculum, so if you decide to visit, it is almost certain that you will find primary and secondary students. Their influx in high visiting season is more than eight hundred visitors a day, on average. Architecture With the dimensions of 75 meters long by 68 meters wide and a height of 23 meters, the granary is a sample of neoclassical style of the colony. It has no decorations on the outside except Doric style cornice of green and red. So, remember some buildings of the Tuscany, typical of that era. Likewise, the interior is decorated with murals of the painter José Chávez Morado, a native of the state. These murals were restored in 2009, which is why they currently look very colorful. If you are passing through Guanajuato, the granary is a place that you should not miss! Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet How this Virtual Tour was made Making the virtual tour of the granary brought back memories of my childhood. When in my History of Mexico class the teacher told us that heroism of Pípila was actually true, that his origin was not a myth or legend, he was a brave man, the essential savor of his time, the flame that perhaps without it, the door of the granary would have never been set on fire and the insurgent army of Hidalgo would not have beaten the Spaniards who were hiding in that place; perhaps many years would have passed for Mexico to be a free and sovereign country. Visiting Guanajuato is a formidable experience to photograph countless beautiful places with a lot of history.
 
The University has data from the eighteenth century, colonial stage of Villa de Guanajuato, it has its bases at the Hospice of the Holy Trinity, installed on the first of October 1732, which was home room of its promoter Doña Teresa Busto and Moya, who with the cooperation of 14 rich miners of the city managed to install the first educational establishment in Guanajuato. The Hospice was history of the College of the Society of Jesus, of the ladies of Busto and Moya, and in this Hospice, served by five Jesuit missionaries, the teaching of letters and spiritual guidance to children and adults around. In 1744, the Spanish Crown gave a license so the hospice would become the College of Jesuitas instead of the College of the Holy Trinity, imparting arts courses and grammar lectures, keeping the school of “the first letters” for the children of mineworkers, maintain the campus with donations from Mrs. Busto and Moya, and the one that was given in 1738 by Don Pedro Bautista Lascuráin de Retana, consisting of four farms whose products was to be invested in the funding of a professorship of arts and support four missionaries. The College of the Holy Trinity formed a group of fifteen philosophers, graduated in 1763, all of them from the economically weak groups of Guanajuato who work on days off to spend the day studying; they were all later teachers in the various schools of Jesuits installed in the country. The construction of the Temple began on July 26th, 1747 and the College on the 29th of October 1759, in July of 1767 the Jesuits were banished, and the school was left only having one floor. The construction of the Temple began on July 26th, 1747 and the College on the 29th of October 1759, in July of 1767 the Jesuits were banished, and the school was left only having one floor. In 1796, on the December the 8th, a seminar study for pensioners was established in a part of the school premises which was not assigned by the Superior Board of Temporalities, administrator of the property of the expelled Jesuits, of the felipenses parents 1786. This school initiated its classes with fifteen internal students and for some years imparted courses of rhetoric, arts and modern philosophy. Struggles for the Independence of Mexico broke the order of studies, but nevertheless there was always educational task at the Royal College of Purisima and even after gaining independence, when Emperor Agustin of Iturbide ordered that the exchange house of Guanajuato be established in the building of the school, one teacher, the priest Marcelino Mangas, sustained a group of students studies of Rhetoric and Mathematics, as well as courses Latin in one room of the College that achieved with the consent of Iturbide himself. With the first Constitutional Government on August 29th, 1827, under the leadership of Mr. Carlos Montes of Oca Mendez the college was established, first ruler to deal with the destiny of Higher Education of Guanajuato. The campus became part of the responsibilities of the government, changing its name to the College of the Immaculate Conception, in1828. With the first Constitutional Government on August 29th, 1827, under the leadership of Mr. Carlos Montes of Oca Mendez the college was established, first ruler to deal with the destiny of Higher Education of Guanajuato. The campus became part of the responsibilities of the government, changing its name to the College of the Immaculate Conception, in1828. The building was renovated and expanded and studies included a new study plan, establishing second and third levels of education. In this professional level the professions of Mining and Law were founded, the professions of ecclesiastical and an Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture were subsistent, the school had a public Library since 1831. For a long period, from 1828 to 1867, the College of the Purisima had periods of flowering and decay, there were numerous graduates of the College who gave prestige to the institution and the country in the field of law, like Manuel Bending, Octaviano Muñoz Ledo and Ponciano Burquiza ; in letters like Juan and Ramon Valle, José Rosas Moreno and Lucio Marmolejo In 1867, the campus changed its name to National College of Guanajuato. From 1870 to 1882, Technical and scientific careers proliferated, research flourishes and many of the inventors and discoverers won international awards for their work, Severo Navia, Vicente Fernandez, Juan N. Contreras, Juan Bonifacio Olivares, Guerrero and Nicéforo Manuel Villasenor are some of the examples of the excellence in teaching of the State College . Until 1915 the State College had the support of rulers like Florencio Antillon and Francisco Z. Mena that worried about the future of knowledge. In 1945, thanks to the enthusiasm, the dynamism and firmness of Mr. Armando Olivares Carrillo, the last director of the State College, this became the University of Guanajuato. In 1945, thanks to the enthusiasm, the dynamism and firmness of Mr. Armando Olivares Carrillo, the last director of the State College, this became the University of Guanajuato. In 1952 the rector Antonio Torres Gomez created the School of Music Symphony Orchestra of the University and the School of Dramatic Arts, this last one although not long-lasting, constituted a fundamental background for the staging of the Cervantinos Entremeses -germen International Cervantino Festival - thanks to the vision and effort of Enrique Ruelas and Eugenio Trueba Olivares, who, on the other hand, being rector of the University founded two cultural institutions that remain forefront of cultural diffusion in the region: the Cine Club and Radio University, besides being the main promoter of the University Theater, which continues to represent the Cervantinos Entremeses in the Plaza of San Roque in the city of Guanajuato. On the night of April 13, 1963, presented for the first time in the Plaza of San Roque and as a complementary event to Cervantinos Entremeses, the musical group known as the “Estudiantina” of the University of Guanajuato. That same night, this group would also create the musical spectacle that characterizes the city known as the Callejoneada. This group is the first of its kind established in America and that would have a strong echo in the emergence of new estudiantinas and “tunas”, across the country, then the rest of the continent. In October 1991, while Master Juan Carlos Romero Hicks was rector, the university community was invited to participate in the process of autonomy and regulatory reform; on May 11th, 1994 the LV Legislature of the State Congress passed the Organic Law of the University with which it obtained the authority and responsibility to govern itself. In October 1991, while Master Juan Carlos Romero Hicks was rector, the university community was invited to participate in the process of autonomy and regulatory reform; on May 11th, 1994 the LV Legislature of the State Congress passed the Organic Law of the University with which it obtained the authority and responsibility to govern itself. More than a decade later, in full exercise and responsibility for their autonomy, the university community relived an intense transformation process that led to a multi-campus structure and a new academic model that will allow the institution to better respond to the needs of society in terms of coverage, relevance and educational offerings. The new process of change was led by the now former rector, Dr. Arturo Lara Lopez, and gave rise to a draft of the organic law, which was approved by the University Council on May 16th 2006, a document that indicates institutional will of adopting a new organic and academic model characterized by a multi-campus structure, the departmental performance and matrix of its higher education subsystem and the integration of a subsystem of high school. On May 31st 2007, the LX Constitutional Legislature of the state of Guanajuato unanimously approved the new Organic Law of the University of Guanajuato, and on June 15th of that year, the State Governor, Juan Manuel Oliva Ramirez, published in the Official Gazette of the State of Guanajuato such regulations for its entry into force on October the 15th. In this way, the institution began a new phase of its history. On March 26th 2015, the plenary of the LXII Legislature of the Congress of Guanajuato unanimously approved grant to the University of Guanajuato recognition of "Meritorious University" for its contributions to education, science, art and culture in the state Guanajuato and in the country as well as its consolidation and international prestige of the university. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made Walking the streets of Guanajuato taking sphere photos allows us to get to know the history of this beautiful city and how prominent personalities have contributed to its development. With a budget of 700 thousand pesos and thanks to the efforts of the rector Torres Gomez, on the 4th of February 1950 the construction of the Auditorium of the University began, in addition to classrooms, workshops and offices of the Faculty of Engineering in the building of Lascuráin Retana. From the beginning the monumental staircase was projected, which along with the facade constituted an unmistakable symbol of the identity of the university and icon of the city of Guanajuato. These works, along with the auditorium and other spaces were conceived and executed by the Arq. Vicente Urquiaga Rojas.
 
“La Esquina”, Museum of Popular Mexican Toys, represents the Foundation for Conservation of The Juguete Popular Mexicano AC, is one of the museums in Latin America that specializes in permanently displaying approximately three thousand craft handmade toys in four permanent galleries and one temporary, highlighting its artistic qualities as an expression of creativity and cultural diversity. The collection Angelica Tijerina, the basis of the collection represents the work of more than fifty years of collecting pottery, paper, wood, vegetable fibers, metalwork, textiles and other commodities and branches of national handicraft production, with them It shows the cultural richness of Mexican toys all around Mexico, full of creativity, color, wit, identity and sense of fun and festive folk traditions. The teacher Angelica Tijerina of Perez Salinas, has a Master’s degree in Spanish Literature from the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, she is currently the President of the Foundation for the Conservation of Juguete Popular Mexicano A.C. and Director of La Esquina Museum of the Popular Mexican Toy. She is also author of the books: "Las aristas del sueño", "Hojas de mas" and "Disolvencias". As a full- time collector, she devotes all her energy to promoting artists’ work by spreading their art work and promoting public recognition for the Mexican toy. The craftsmen that exhibit their work at the Museum have been specially selected by the quality of their toys, representatives of their regions and masters of the techniques and materials that give them identity : Luis Acuña is a man who picks up cardboard in the streets, Rogelio Cruz makes miniature figures in openwork wood, Guillermo Trejo invents with ingenious mechanisms , wooden games for the delight of children and adults, Martin Estrada uses tins to create carts, tricycles or colored trumpets with aniline. Let's go tinker the toys with our eyes The wind on our face and the tricycle at full speed, we were in the village with my dad and sisters, the large schoolyard allowed us to run around and ride until we were out of sight, turning into the hut from where we returned to with dusty socks and our skirts flying... The wind on our face and the tricycle at full speed, we were in the village with my dad and sisters, the large schoolyard allowed us to run around and ride until we were out of sight, turning into the hut from where we returned to with dusty socks and our skirts flying... That sense of freedom and freshness I enjoy year after year with the arrival of marvelous toys made by artisans for the contest. It is a creative surge for the environment of the popular Mexican folk toy that our dear friends succeed to make with their hands, using materials from their environment: they transform wood chips into cars and trucks with miniature passengers, Ferris wheels, horses and their riders juggling, poise and distinction in the figures. Natural fibers intertwine with dreams turning them into trains and planes that will soon undertake flight, wool fabrics and rayon cloths become beautiful dolls. Musical instruments, waiting for the musicians, cookware made out of clay decorate tin stoves or wood oven. And the tamale sellers or gas suppliers are made into tiny figures and let you play imitating the world and the village chores. World of realities made into a game, pick up the pace to reach the adult world riding on a stick with a horse head made out of cardboard and the fresh smell of paste. World of realities made into a game, pick up the pace to reach the adult world riding on a stick with a horse head made out of cardboard and the fresh smell of paste. Play and keep playing, developing those pieces that become the exhibit for the fifth contest of the Popular Mexican Toy. Thanks to the efforts of our craftsmen today we can share with you the warmth and devotion of artisans who make toys in Mexico, welcome to the village, villages of Mexico represented from Chihuahua to Yucatan the pedaling of our friends, artisans, have come to the park Guanajuato Bicentennial and the museum of the Popular Mexican toy, where this pair of parallel exhibits contain the winners and are selected in this issue. Teacher Angélica Tijerina Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet How this Virtual Tour was made There are times when you photograph of what you see, but sometimes photograph what you discover. It was a very pleasant surprise to visit the Museum of Mexican Folk Toy, where you find wonderful work of Mexican artisans who have specialized in the production of toys. Perhaps one of the biggest challenges that I had with this virtual tour was that almost all the pieces on display are inside furniture with glass windows and light reflections can be a problem for both the high contrast and for the toys to be shot with clarity.
 
Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988, Guanajuato is one of the most beautiful cities in Mexico. Walk the streets of its historic center and admire its incredible colonial architecture. Guanajuato is one of the most picturesque towns in Mexico. Its maze like and cobbled alleys, its small squares, the colors of their facades, its strange topography, its stairways and its lively atmosphere takes visitors to a another world. In the sixteenth century in the subsoil there was found rich veins of gold and silver. Thus, the city grew around this activity and became the most important mining center of the colony. During the War of Independence, this city played a key role, along with neighboring towns like Dolores Hidalgo. Guanajuato had become the capital of the country in the early 1858s, during the first presidency of Benito Juarez; and in the times of Porfirio Diaz some of the most notable buildings including the elegant Juarez Theater and the Legislative Palace and hydraulic infrastructure and monuments were erected. The tour begins in the Garden of Union, surrounded by restaurants and bars where you can spend an afternoon enjoying the atmosphere of the city and the delights of its gastronomy. Just in front we find the emblematic Juarez Theater, an architectural jewel of the Porfiriato with a porch inspired by Roman Doric style and columns holding muses. Inside, a living room (lobby) art nouveau style. Next to the theatre, the Temple of San Diego, with a baroque style with the image of the Virgin of Conception done in 1784, its interior has a museum. Behind the Temple at rising sight stands the monumental statue of the famous hero of the Independence of Mexico, "Pipila". At the foot of this statue is a viewpoint from where we see a magnificent view of the city of Guanajuato. Its most notable celebration, the International Cervantino Festival, attracts thousands of artists and viewers around the world every year. The Basilica of Guanajuato located in the Plaza de la Paz is a beautiful Baroque building made in 1796 which houses the Virgin of Guanajuato. In this square is the Monument of Peace and some small restaurants with a terrace where you can eat at ease. On the same street we see the Legislative Palace housing the three branches of government but currently hosts the Congress of the legislature. And along with it the Mansion of Conde Rul, one of the purest examples of neoclassical in Mexico, built for the owner of the famous Valenciana Mine. A few steps from here is the imposing University of Guanajuato, built with green quarry in neoclassical style with its steps that are already an icon of the city. A few blocks from this place is the imposing Alhóndiga de Granaditas recalls the history of independent era, with its high walls and columns in stone that now houses the Regional Museum of Guanajuato. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet How this Virtual Tour was made Very early one day, I went for a walk to the historical center of the beautiful state capital of Guanajuato, managing to take these images not only of iconic places of this city, but also caught daily scenes of its inhabitants... parents taking children to school, local food stalls where people buy orange juice to fresh bread and homemade traditional foods of the region... its alleys, squares, houses and buildings with saturated colors. It is truly a delight for photographers to walk the streets, where in every corner, every nook you can make beautiful compositions. One morning I will always remember.
 
San Miguel owes a lot to this house of culture and education. Built in the eighteenth century, commissioned by Don Manuel de La Canal, initially as a manor house, the building underwent significant ups and downs over almost two centuries. In 1927, the diplomat and Peruvian artist Felipe Cossio, encouraged by the great intellectual Alfonso Reyes and Jose Vasconcelos and strongly supported by a team of partners that integrated his former PR, American Stirling Dickinson, former Guanajuato governor Enrique Fernández Martínez and Nell Harris wife of the governor, founded the College of Fine Arts and the destiny of the town would change forever. The influx of students brought San Miguel economic relief: Shops, hotels and restaurants began to flourish. In 1950, four years after the creation of the National Institute of Fine Arts, the National Association of Universities and Institutions of Higher Education was formed, with which the Institute Allende formed part of an important educational network that today includes the Maryland Art Institute, Chicago Art Institute, University of Minnesota, Ontario College of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, among others. Starting from the decade of the fifties, a growing number of American war veterans began to move to San Miguel, as a peaceful and quiet option to spend their last years. The advantage that Institute offered was to validate studies in North America, as well as being recognized internationally for studying there. Today, besides the continuity of more than 60 years of education, the Institute Allende houses galleries, cafes, offices and is one of the most popular sites for weddings and events. Adorned with beautifully decorated murals and domes (some presumably made by the painter Martinez Little- blood, the same artist who decorated the Shrine of Atotonilco), the interior courtyards provide pleasant shade and a peaceful atmosphere for visitors, who will not stop being amazed with the architecture of such a beautiful place. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made In the magical town of San Miguel of Allende is the Instituto Allende, a place that because of its picturesque architecture and frescoes colonial colors create a beautiful setting. A site that has a spectacular terrace overlooking the center of the city and the parish of San Miguel Archangel, these majestic views created the ideal frame for the realization of this virtual tour.
 
Located in the heart of Atotonilco, Guanajuato, just eight km away from San Miguel de Allende, towering walls of a church from the 18th century rise grandly. It is a living sanctuary, its religious use continues today. Today, this community is known thanks to the title given to its beautiful Sanctuary of Atotonilco in 2008 by UNESCO, which along with the historic center of San Miguel de Allende name it “Cultural Heritage of Humanity ".This priceless treasure has been an arduous rescue work over the past ten years. The architectural ensemble consists of the main nave, vestry and more than 6 adjoining chapels, and several rooms; spaces illustrated with mural and easel painting, etched altars and sculptures. The building's facade is smooth, with very high walls topped by an inverted arch, forming a ruffle. Upon entering the temple the contrast is striking: the main nave, all walls and ceilings are almost completely covered with mural paintings, sculpture, inscriptions and oil paintings in a style called Mexican folk baroque, although the indigenous influence can be seen. The only exception is the neoclassical altars that were later installed. The magnum art work was designed and directed by Father Luis Felipe Neri of Alfaro, who was inspired by the Holy Sepulcher located in Jerusalem for the conception of the mystical spaces that comprise it. Most of the mural was made by Antonio Martinez de Pocasangre with some parts made by Jose Maria Barajas during a period of thirty years with almost no free space among the many images. The painting style mimics Flemish painting which was known through the Belgian impressions that the Spanish brought from Europe. This mural has made that the complex be called the "Sistine Chapel of America" or the "Sistine Chapel of Mexico.” As an example of this influence is the architectural plant of the annexed Chapels of the Holy Sepulcher and Calvary which together result in the perfect picture of a Latin cross where the arms of the cross make up three magnificent apsidal chapels. In addition, deep into the Sacristy there are two oil paintings of the eighteenth century that illustrate and compare the similarities between the landscapes of San Miguel de Allende and Jerusalem. It is important to mention that this painting is one of the oldest historical records of the urban layout of the town of San Miguel el Grande. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made Conservation of works of art involves an exhaustive control of the environmental conditions in which the work of art is located, including the lighting conditions of the place. When we leave anything in the sun for a while, the characteristics of that object often changes (especially the saturation and hue of colors). Something similar happens with pictures and camera flashes. Perhaps a particular flash may not have major consequences on a picture, but multiply that flash by the huge number of visitors who have some museums and you will understand the reason for photo prohibition. Making the Virtual Tour of the Sanctuary of Jesus Nazareno in Atotonilco, cultural heritage of humanity; was an unforgettable experience for me. The beauty of this Sanctuary captivates all visitor
 
The brave Pipila The year was 1810, the independence movement was underway, the insurgent troops, commanded by the priest Miguel Hidalgo, had besieged the city of Guanajuato, and the granary of Granaditas was fiercely defended by a regiment of Spanish soldiers who remained barricaded inside without giving signs of surrender. For the insurgents it was necessary to open that granary where the surplus of the annual harvest were kept, which would serve to resupply troops and feed the population stricken by hunger. After several unsuccessful attacks, the only solution seemed to be burning the front door; however, it was a risky approach, because the Spaniards had a better shooting angle and were waiting to kill anyone who approached. Among the rebel fighters a strong voice was heard: "I will burn the door." It was Juan Jose de los Reyes Martinez, a brave indigenous miner who because of beliefs joined the independence movement. He was nicknamed "El Pipila", as turkeys and the eggs that these birds hatch are commonly known by in the Bajio region; one of the versions about the origin of this nickname, notes that El Pipila, having his face full of freckles or possible scars left by smallpox bore a resemblance to the mottled appearance of a turkey’s egg . What there is no doubt about is the physical and mental strength possessed by Juan Jose de los Reyes due to strenuous work he did in the mines of Bajio. Miguel Hidalgo accepted the proposal and El Pipila was on his way. To avoid being struck by bullets, he placed on his back a heavy slab of stone, he took a torch and went to the door of the granary. Shotguns shots whistled and ricocheted off his back. The Spaniard’s desperate attempts to stop him gave no results. Finally, he set fire to the wooden gate and the granary was taken by insurgent troops. Once the Independence of Mexico was consummated, El Pipila returned to his job as a miner up until he passed away due to recurrent poisoning suffered by workers in the mines; however, the event of September 28th 1810 , made El Pípila pass from obscurity to becoming a legendary figure for his bravery and courage. Today he is recognized as a national hero and a symbol of the Independence of Mexico. The monument to Pipila Among the most visited tourist sites in the city of Guanajuato is the Monument to Pipila. This monumental sculpture made with pink quarry was opened in 1939 and is the work of the artist Juan Fernando Olaguibel. Looking at the monument, you can see El Pípila carrying a torch in his right hand directing the attack on the Alhóndiga, while the base that holds the sculpture reads: “... there are still other granary to be lit... " The civic square where the monument is located, being one of the highest points in Guanajuato, offers a spectacular panoramic 360 ° view to appreciate the architectural beauty of this colonial city; if that were not enough, on the back part of the monument is a small museum and stairs that allow you to reach the highest point of the sculpture, which enhances the visual experience you have from the place. To reach the monument a bus that leaves from the Hidalgo market can be taken, it can also be reached by walking up through the alleys leading uphill to the square or taking the funicular that starts from the Teatro Juarez. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made When we go out to photograph it is important to know what type of light we need to get the picture we have in mind, so choosing the right time of day is important. One of the moments where light gives great prominence to the photographs is the "golden hour", who’s warm and soft light creates an atmosphere that we would always like to have. However, what happens next? The answer is the blue hour. The blue hour, as the name suggests, is that moment right after (in the case of the sunset) of the golden hour when the sky has lost practically those orange and yellow tones and begins to dominate an intense blue. A feature of the blue hour, is that the horizon where it has set (or left) the sun has a tonal gradient from blue to orange. The blue sky gradually darkens so it is mandatory to have a tripod to take pictures. In our eyes it even appears to be night, however, with an exposure of several seconds we prove that there is still enough light in the sky as to continue taking pictures. This moment is very useful for taking pictures, like to the Monument to Pipila, which highlights the lighting of the beautiful city of Guanajuato at sunset.
 
At the end of the 80s, a group of San Miguel de Allende citizens decided to meet and discuss various topics of interest –in terms of the common-, agreeing that with the wave of promotion of San Miguel de Allende by the local authorities and some individuals from the incipient entrepreneurial sector as a touristic product, the city would run the risk of detonating a series of actions derived by greed, which would limit the enjoyment of different common and public spaces from the locals. The aforementioned caused that Cesar Arias, Federico Gama, Leopoldo Estrada, amongst others, to carry out fund-raising actions and search for alliances in order to create El Charco del Ingenio (The Puddle of the Mill in English) civil association, acquiring the property that today has the same name. El Charco del Ingenio Botanical Garden is a 67-hectare project located in the eastern part of the city of San Miguel de Allende. The site is an enclosure and sanctuary for diverse species of flora and fauna The site receives its name from two elements in its interior, which represent the opportunity to know how the then Villa de San Miguel, today San Miguel de Allende in honor of the national hero Ignacio Allende who was born here, emerged. At the bottom of the gorge that divides the site, is a spring (la poza Del Chan or the pool of Chan in English), which since time immemorial different people attend to bathe; the spring was known as “el charco”, or the puddle in English. On the other hand, close to the spring there are the traces of what is known as the first mill of the American continent, which dates from 1561; this structure, in addition to grinding, it operated an rudimentary mechanism which served to hit the wool obtained from the shearing of sheep in the region; said action gave the name to the mill of Batán, word that came from the Spanish “abatanar” which means to beat. That is why, during the 16th century every industrial work that used the force of water to generate energy was known as “ingenio” or mill. That is why, derived of the two elements found in the site that the area was already referenced since the 16th century as El Charco del Ingenio. After nearly 25 years of initiating activities, nowadays it is a conservation project recognized in the region. In addition, due to the diversity of plants that make up the botanical collection, El Charco del Ingenio currently protects the largest botanical collection of succulents in the country. The initial activities of the project consisted in knowing the terrain in greater depth and characterizing what existed in it, as well as, with the help of various specialists and naturalists, it was possible to start a series of soil conservation actions that would strengthen the structure and function of the site. It is then that people like Jaime Ocampo and Miguel Maya get involved to seek to realize the dream of generating a communal space of environmental conservation based on the socio-cultural characteristics of the local population. From the moment the fencing and soil conservation actions are carried out, at the same time an effort is made to build a plaza that is appropriate for the different sectors of the community. It is at that instance when landscape architects Enrique Pliego and Cabeza de Vaca get involved to develop the concept and construction of the Plaza de los Cuatro Vientos (Four Winds Square), replica of one Toltec-Chichimec codex, which describes the worldview of the original civilizations in relation to the territory. The Plaza de los Cuatro Vientos was a race against time, since it was expected to be entirely finished and to carry out its inauguration during the total eclipse of the sun that occurred on July 11th, 1991. Once the long-awaited date arrived, it was possible to count with the participation and blessing of different stewardships of indigenous ancestry, who, faced with the lived experience, decided that a cross of conquest should be placed on the site, thereby sacralizing the site and transforming the space in a ceremonial center. The activity celebrated during that total eclipse of the sun endorsed a union between the various attendees and traditional groups, which detonated a commitment for the preservation of traditions and different symbolic spaces. Around 1993, Charles Glass arrives to San Miguel de Allende, a cactophilist of international recognition, who upon meeting the group of San Miguel citizens, initiators of El Charco del Ingenio, as well as their intentions for having a botanical collection of succulents, resulted in his conclusive decision to retire in San Miguel de Allende and undertake an adventure of touring the country in search of plants, as well as generating different processes for the transference of knowledge. As a result of conservation actions, it has received certification as a Voluntary Protected Natural Area by the National Commission of Protected Natural Areas (CONANP for its acronym in Spanish Currently, El Charco del Ingenio is not only a botanical garden; instead it has become the largest and most important botanical collection of succulents in the country, but more important perhaps is that it was conceived as a community project of biocultural resistance, due to, on one hand, it is through the Citizen Council where different people of civil society assume the legal representation of the project, stating in this way that, although the site is private property, the citizens are the ones who imprint the characteristics of public interest, and for which a deep commitment to safeguard the public and common goods is presumed. At present, the goals of El Charco del Ingenio are the conservation of flora and fauna, education for sustainability and scientific research. Although the emphasis of the project has been the botanical garden, the need to carry out administrative and management actions has made people notice practices of an ecosystem approach, resulting in endless learning that is relevant and appropriate for the site. The existence of four habitats (north and south xerophilous shrub, wetland and glen) within the property has forced to deepen the ecological interactions of the different species that coexist, so that often there are visits of representatives of various academic institutions of the country, achieving an enriching collaboration, since the people making their stay manage to meet the academic requirements, as well as contributing to the generation of scientific knowledge for the botanical garden, which is incorporated into the actions of education for sustainability. Derived from the efforts to develop scientific knowledge, the organization has a Science Unit with a space integrated by an office of the department of curatorship, area of stays, laboratory and herbarium; this space is also shared with the propagation team given the shared activities that are carried out. Evolved from the first 25 years as an organized civil society, we are anxious to undertake actions of knowledge and defense of our common goods, and with solidarity and sensitivity, we will continue the following years seeking to have a more inclusive and respectful world. The propagation activities have been focused on the reproduction with conventional techniques of 167 species of their collection and that are in some risk category according to NOM 059-2010/SEMARNAT. Said propagation has as an objective to provide collectors of specimens with legal provenance, as well as to generate a genetic exchange between the different botanical garden members of the Mexican Association of Botanical Gardens. Presently, the organization seeks to generate greater opportunities of collaboration with different universities in the country, so that they can update information on the site, as well as generate different lines of research that are of mutual interest. Furthermore, to explore opportunities that strengthen environmental communication capabilities, since it is considered highly necessary to disseminate science or, what it is called “democratization of knowledge” in a focused manner. In El Charco del Ingenio Botanical Garden and Voluntary Protected Natural Area, it is considered that there are many challenges, which are glimpsed due to the drastic change of the ecosystems throughout the world, as well as the neoliberal policies that, despite the devastation of the natural world, have not being able to lay the foundations for the protection of the common goods, that is, of the whole natural world as it is known today. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet How this Virtual Tour was done In the company of Cristian Ramirez from the Tourism Council of San Miguel Allende, we spent a cold February morning visiting El Charco del Ingenio Botanical Garden, where his general director Mario Arturo Hernandez Peña, very kindly explained the work they are doing on the subject of education and research on the conservation of flora and fauna. The photography of the botanical gardens is an opportunity to learn and reflect on the importance of taking care of nature.
 
San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, heart of colonial Mexico, village charming steeped in history, declared a world heritage site on July 7, 2008. In the recreational Street #8, a short walk from the Parroquia de San Miguel Arcangel and his main garden, "Spaces of the Sun", has developed the place of your dreams: "Cascades of light". San Miguel, place bathed in magic and mysticism, whose beautiful architectural landscape is dressed with culture, art, traditions, and of course... its gastronomy! "Cascades of light" was conceived and developed carefully at the historic monument that was in the 18th century "The headquarters of the dragoons of the Queen", "Spaces of the Sun", has developed a residential complex of 9 cosy apartments, which provide tranquility and harmony, in an environment of absolute safety and high quality of life. Majestic sunrises and sunsets, beautify your days and its sparkling stars will give your nights poetry, color, music and love. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! 360 Virtual Tour 2 Department Link to Virtual Tour 360 Department on big screen... Au cœur du Mexique colonial is trouve à San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, une ville charmante pleine d'histoire, classée, le 7 juillet 2008 comme patrimoine de l' humanité par l'UNESCO. Dans ce lieu exceptionnel, baigne magie et de mysticisme, on retrouve réunis l'architecture, the culture, les arts, les anciennes et traditions... the gastronomie! Là, au milieu du centre-ville, au 8, rue recreation, à Côté de l' Église de Saint-Michel-Archange et du jardin principal, notre entreprise "Spaces of the Sun" to developed an extraordinaire projet architectural called "Cascades of light", au sein d' a monument historique du XVIII siècle ayant été jadis the Caserne des Dragons de la Reine. Il s'agit d' an ensemble résidentiel de neuf appartements très facile qui elevent L'esprit de tranquillité et harmonie, tout usbdeview une Sécurité ainsi qu´une très bonne qualité de vie totale. Site Le, rempli de paix et de Beauté nous offre de médiocre et soleil garants de jours heureux couchees levers. Que les nuits etoilées inspirent la Poésie, musique et l´amour. 360 Virtual Tour Department 1 Link to Virtual Tour 360 Department on big screen... 360 Virtual Tour 3 Department Link to Virtual Tour 360 Department on big screen... 360 Virtual Tour Department 6 Link to Virtual Tour 360 Department on big screen... 360 Virtual Tour Department 8 Link to Virtual Tour 360 Department on big screen... Virtual Tour 360 Roof Garden Link to the Tour Virtual 360 Roof Garden in big screen... Little Planet How this Virtual Tour was made These images I made after five in the afternoon with a very bright light in the blue colors, I say so is usually the color of the sky in Guanajuato, with very little pollution, allowing you to see a huge number of stars at night. Most of the photographs are indoors and with tripod and free movement of people, I was using ISO 100, a very closed diaphragm, so like, "cunning of one" and long exposure times. I did bracketing to retrieve information on the lamps.