Monument to Pipila

Miguel Angel Victoria Fotógrafo

The brave Pipila

The year was 1810, the independence movement was underway, the insurgent troops, commanded by the priest Miguel Hidalgo, had besieged the city of Guanajuato, and the granary of Granaditas was fiercely defended by a regiment of Spanish soldiers who remained barricaded inside without giving signs of surrender.
For the insurgents it was necessary to open that granary where the surplus of the annual harvest were kept, which would serve to resupply troops and feed the population stricken by hunger. After several unsuccessful attacks, the only solution seemed to be burning the front door; however, it was a risky approach, because the Spaniards had a better shooting angle and were waiting to kill anyone who approached.

Among the rebel fighters a strong voice was heard: “I will burn the door.” It was Juan Jose de los Reyes Martinez, a brave indigenous miner who because of beliefs joined the independence movement.

He was nicknamed “El Pipila”, as turkeys and the eggs that these birds hatch are commonly known by in the Bajio region; one of the versions about the origin of this nickname, notes that El Pipila, having his face full of freckles or possible scars left by smallpox bore a resemblance to the mottled appearance of a turkey’s egg . What there is no doubt about is the physical and mental strength possessed by Juan Jose de los Reyes due to strenuous work he did in the mines of Bajio.
Miguel Hidalgo accepted the proposal and El Pipila was on his way. To avoid being struck by bullets, he placed on his back a heavy slab of stone, he took a torch and went to the door of the granary. Shotguns shots whistled and ricocheted off his back. The Spaniard’s desperate attempts to stop him gave no results. Finally, he set fire to the wooden gate and the granary was taken by insurgent troops.
Once the Independence of Mexico was consummated, El Pipila returned to his job as a miner up until he passed away due to recurrent poisoning suffered by workers in the mines; however, the event of September 28th 1810 , made El Pípila pass from obscurity to becoming a legendary figure for his bravery and courage. Today he is recognized as a national hero and a symbol of the Independence of Mexico.

The monument to Pipila

Among the most visited tourist sites in the city of Guanajuato is the Monument to Pipila.

This monumental sculpture made with pink quarry was opened in 1939 and is the work of the artist Juan Fernando Olaguibel.

Looking at the monument, you can see El Pípila carrying a torch in his right hand directing the attack on the Alhóndiga, while the base that holds the sculpture reads: “… there are still other granary to be lit… ”
The civic square where the monument is located, being one of the highest points in Guanajuato, offers a spectacular panoramic 360 ° view to appreciate the architectural beauty of this colonial city; if that were not enough, on the back part of the monument is a small museum and stairs that allow you to reach the highest point of the sculpture, which enhances the visual experience you have from the place. To reach the monument a bus that leaves from the Hidalgo market can be taken, it can also be reached by walking up through the alleys leading uphill to the square or taking the funicular that starts from the Teatro Juarez.

Virtual Reality (VR)

Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices


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Little Planet

Monument to Pipila in Guanajuato
Monument to Pipila in Guanajuato

Photo Gallery

How this Virtual Tour was made

The equipment used to perform virtual tour are the following:

  • Nikon D810 DSLR Camera
  • Lens Sigma 8 mm Fisheye
  • Nodal Ninja NN4 Tripod Head
  • Manfrotto 190 Carbon Fiber Tripod
  • Remote Switch

The software processing of the image was

  • Lightroom to process RAW files
  • PTGui for stitching images
  • Photoshop general and local settings
  • PanoTour Pro for generating virtual tour
When we go out to photograph it is important to know what type of light we need to get the picture we have in mind, so choosing the right time of day is important.
One of the moments where light gives great prominence to the photographs is the “golden hour”, who’s warm and soft light creates an atmosphere that we would always like to have. However, what happens next? The answer is the blue hour.
The blue hour, as the name suggests, is that moment right after (in the case of the sunset) of the golden hour when the sky has lost practically those orange and yellow tones and begins to dominate an intense blue. A feature of the blue hour, is that the horizon where it has set (or left) the sun has a tonal gradient from blue to orange. The blue sky gradually darkens so it is mandatory to have a tripod to take pictures. In our eyes it even appears to be night, however, with an exposure of several seconds we prove that there is still enough light in the sky as to continue taking pictures.
This moment is very useful for taking pictures, like to the Monument to Pipila, which highlights the lighting of the beautiful city of Guanajuato at sunset.

Would you like to use this virtual tour in your website?

Good news! Yes, you can use without asking for permission. Our site is licensed under "Creative Commons – Acknowledgement 4.0 International", This type of license allows you:

  • To Share- copy, distribute, execute and use the artwork publicly.
  • To Make derivative works.
  • To Use the artwork for commercial purposes.

This means that you must assign the credits of the work in the following way:

"Monumento al Pipila, Fotografía (cc): Miguel Angel Victoria"

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Licencia de Creative Commons
Monumento al Pipila by Miguel Angel Victoria is licensed under Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional . Created from the artwork retrieved from You can find more permissions under this license in
Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa

Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa

Traducción al idioma inglés realizada por la Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa a través del Centro de Estudio de Idiomas Culiacán. English language translation made by Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa through the collaboration of Centro de Estudio de Idiomas Culiacán

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