The idea of making a temple in honor of the Virgen Carmen started to revolve in Barraza’s mind in 1934 ever since he was placed in charge of the third order of the temple, motivated by a profound devotion to the her. That same purpose that impulse him to conserve the image of the Virgin Mary, who was stoned by angry manifests in the times of the Cristero War in the late 1920’s with the purpose of creating an altar devoted to her.
With the objective of starting to round up the funds needed for the construction, dinners or bazaars to benefit the Temple were created, they took place every Sunday for fifteen years and were carried out continuously at different points of the first frame of the city: the front doors where the ice cream shop of Monote, Angel Flores and Alvaro Obregon; on the sidewalk of the house of Alejandro Zazueta; Clouthier construction; in Mina doors; and finally in front of cathedral portals when “it was not possible (else) because they had demolished all the old building (center) and there was no good place for dinner”, explains Barraza.
Getting the required resources led to Bishop and his team of nearest collaborators to undertake all kinds of activities besides the usual bazaars.
He organized meetings and sports events of quality level. He made charity collections in the ballpark, but only at major league games of the Pacific Coast to avoid straining the public. He withdrew it when he noticed that others began to do the same behind his back. The bullfighter Silverio Pérez presented in this city by charging just enough to pay his crew and even took care of their own expenses.
He dabbled unsuccessfully in the sandwich market when he opened a little shop which he named El Tumbaito. He sold hotdogs at the stadium Angel Flores, conducted the raffle of a car, he participated in selling raffle tickets for a plane and requested the support and understanding of the people of Culiacan in all possible ways.
In this regard he wrote: “I sweated blood with the collections … felt a shame and a disgrace that I do not wish on anyone. I quivered at the beginning (…) for the simple reason that I judged the anger of some and contempt of others. ”
Construction of the temple
The site chosen for the construction of the temple was a cow’s barnyard. A place which seemed far away from the city center and where today is a crossroad for the streets: Francisco Villa and Jesus G. Andrade. The design of the temple was first commissioned to the civil engineer Joaquin Zendejas and to the architect M. Valle. However, it was the “Best Partnership” -through the architect Fernando Best- who with some amendments to the original, but with many similarities, made another project. On November 9, 1946 the first stone was laid in a ceremony by Bishop Lino Aguirre and Garcia; in the following April the temple was blessed, inaugurated and the chapel served for the first time. It had a cost of sixty thousand pesos starting of course the construction of the big temple, by the master- mason Loreto Quintero. During the building process of the temple, two breaks were taken in which the construction stopped but neither lasted more than three months. The first was due to lack of funds and the other by a delay of calculations for a section of the dome by Best. The second phase of construction of the temple was given to be worked by Cheto master-mason Jacobo, who worked without architects or rigorous technical supervision, so that “some of my temple architectural lines are a bit chuequitas(twisty)” according to Monsignor. Crowning of the image of Our Lady of Carmen
Coronation of the image of our Lady of Carmen
The church and the altar were blessed by Bishop Lino Aguirre and Garcia, while that of Our Lady of Guadalupe was done by Archbishop Luis Maria Martinez of Mexico. On December 15, 1952 the Apostolic Delegate Guillermo Piani and the Bishop of Sinaloa performed the coronation of the image of Our Lady of Carmen and the Child Jesus. The image of Our Lady of l Carmen was brought from Olot, Barcelona; while the crown is the work of the “tapatío” (local of Jalisco, Mexico) goldsmith Manuel Peregrina at a cost of sixty thousand pesos. The material, gold and precious stones, was a gift from the faithful of Culiacan. A few years later the altar which was originally made from brick and granite was replaced by a white marble one; the background wall was also covered with pink and gray marble.
Columns and altars were coated Guadalupe and the Immaculate Conception, and the floor of the chancel was replaced. The monumental double doors were made in Culiacan by Bernardo Alcaraz which were designed by the Monsignor himself. Because it was made out of iron, the door was a bit heavy but of easy movement due to the fact that it was set to roll over steel bearings. A notable feature of the temple is that the walls were replaced by windows, “rather (Priest Barraza explained later) is a continuous window on both sides.” This was done to mitigate the effects of summer and give way to air and light. The original design considered building a tower, a school and a hospital.
Ornamental details of the temple.
The first chandelier came to the temple by accident. It was originally intended for the church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Los Mochis, but as the roof of the temple was not high enough, it was offered at a reasonable price to the Monsignor.
The first chandelier came to the temple by accident. It was originally intended for the church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Los Mochis.
Priest Barraza said that it was his wish “that any work that could be done in Culiacan, be done here, because I always wanted the temple to show the work of the house, only when it was not possible to get the work done was it brought from any other place… it was also my idea and an obsession to hold a marked regionalism as much as it could be done. That is why we can see in the figure that frames the large shield of Our Lady of Carmen at the altar a sketch of the state of Sinaloa. Two different shields that adorn the boards of the pulpit of this same church can be seen. The first is that of the state of Sinaloa and the other one of the city of Culiacán. The second one is not official, I invented it that way. In the background the Cerro de la Chiva with the goatee; shedding from both side’s two rivers: Humayan and Tamazula passing by the black bridge and following a single river: the Culiacan River”.
The pulpit was later removed due to remodeling works, however in one of the sides of the altar there is still a metal plate in which the Priest Barraza characterized from its very particular point of view heraldry of Culiacan. Another peculiar element in the representation of images of the temple is the figure of a tamal, which can be seen carved in marble along with a very stylized version of Mariano shield of the Virgen Del Carmen attached to the door of the chapel wall. Although this sign alludes directly to the organization of Sunday bazaars, it is a symbolic tribute to the years of effort and cooperation of the society of Culiacan to build the temple. It was his way of saying that the world of the senses and material can be oriented and take part in the benefit of the spiritual sphere, in the building of a greater good. In the slightest expression lines, the Carmelita shield can be seen in the fittings of the windows in the atrium cancel access and some metal protections interior doors.
In different parts of the building Latin phrases can be seen. In this regard the Bishop Velázquez Garay expressed in the homily at the funeral Mass of Bishop: “Every corner of the temple and home and even the sidewalks around the temple are filled with Latin inscriptions that remain as a reminder to future generations, of the man who cultivated his spirit with the highest science.”
Barraza priest humbly gave the authorship of the temple to the Almighty and the Holy Mother of God of Carmel, and felt for him the honor and glory of having been his closest collaborator in the mission. Regarding the contribution of parishioners he noted: “All have been collaborators in one way or another. Their names? God knows, however, I’ve always said, the ones who helped me much more were the tertiary Sisters Del Carmen, emphasizing among them Lupita Escobar until she died and Armida Bon, until she married. “Other near collaborators were Carmen Trapero, Maria Camberos and Victoria Santibañez.
On May 5 1953 the temple was reassigned from being a temple to being a parish.
The amazing display of energy and creativity of Monsignor Barraza for the edification of the Church of Carmen was an example for others, as the priest Javier Llamas, who has devoted his priestly life to the attention of the faithful and persistent building of temples. “A very large example was for me the way in which the church Of Carmen was built among others. He gave everything he had humbly and without fighting much for the money. With tamales and sacrifices he built his church. You cannot imagine what he suffered. One saw his white cassock sometimes white with sweat. ”
Demetrio Pérez Barraza says that the priest had a piano among his most appreciated possessions; however it was a basic instrument in his life, he did not hesitate to sell it at the time when there was no more money to pay the construction workers weekly salary; “He sacrificed his piano and sold it to the mothers of College America (a local private school).”
After many years of effort and sacrifice Monsignor Barraza allowed himself a gesture of vanity. Priest Javier Llamas remembers it vividly: one day, Monsignor hurried to the outskirts of the church, had a card in hand and set it in the most visible of the exterior walls. It was a sign written by him and it read: “This is the most beautiful temple in the world.”
Virtual Reality (VR)
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Pastor: Fr. Miguel Angel Soto Gaxiola
Monday to Friday: 09:00-13:00 and 16:00 to 19:00
Monday to Saturday: 07:00, 12:00, 18:00 and 19:00
Sunday: 07:00, 08:00, 11:00, 12:00, 13:00, 18:00 19:00, 20:00 and 21:00
Divine Providence: 1st of each month 12:00
Saturday Mass at 19:00 corresponds to the Sunday
Sunday: For the masses
Pre-15: third Saturday of every month 17:00-19:00
Pre-matrimonial: fourth weekend of the month
Friday: 19:00-20:30 hours
Christian initiation: Tuesday 19:00-21:00
Family Catechesis Saturdays 09:00
Exposition of the Blessed: Thursday all day
Prof. Ma. Luisa Palazuelos talks: Monday 16:00
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- Photoshop general and local settings
- PanoTour Pro for generating virtual tour
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Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
Traducción al idioma inglés realizada por la Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa a través del Centro de Estudio de Idiomas Culiacán. English language translation made by Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa through the collaboration of Centro de Estudio de Idiomas Culiacán