Located in the heart of Atotonilco, Guanajuato, just eight km away from San Miguel de Allende, towering walls of a church from the 18th century rise grandly. It is a living sanctuary, its religious use continues today. Today, this community is known thanks to the title given to its beautiful Sanctuary of Atotonilco in 2008 by UNESCO, which along with the historic center of San Miguel de Allende name it “Cultural Heritage of Humanity “.This priceless treasure has been an arduous rescue work over the past ten years.
The architectural ensemble consists of the main nave, vestry and more than 6 adjoining chapels, and several rooms; spaces illustrated with mural and easel painting, etched altars and sculptures. The building’s facade is smooth, with very high walls topped by an inverted arch, forming a ruffle.
Upon entering the temple the contrast is striking: the main nave, all walls and ceilings are almost completely covered with mural paintings, sculpture, inscriptions and oil paintings in a style called Mexican folk baroque, although the indigenous influence can be seen. The only exception is the neoclassical altars that were later installed.
The magnum art work was designed and directed by Father Luis Felipe Neri of Alfaro, who was inspired by the Holy Sepulcher located in Jerusalem for the conception of the mystical spaces that comprise it. Most of the mural was made by Antonio Martinez de Pocasangre with some parts made by Jose Maria Barajas during a period of thirty years with almost no free space among the many images. The painting style mimics Flemish painting which was known through the Belgian impressions that the Spanish brought from Europe.
This mural has made that the complex be called the “Sistine Chapel of America” or the “Sistine Chapel of Mexico.”
As an example of this influence is the architectural plant of the annexed Chapels of the Holy Sepulcher and Calvary which together result in the perfect picture of a Latin cross where the arms of the cross make up three magnificent apsidal chapels. In addition, deep into the Sacristy there are two oil paintings of the eighteenth century that illustrate and compare the similarities between the landscapes of San Miguel de Allende and Jerusalem. It is important to mention that this painting is one of the oldest historical records of the urban layout of the town of San Miguel el Grande.
Virtual Reality (VR)
Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices
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How this Virtual Tour was made
The equipment used to perform virtual tour are the following:
- Nikon D810 DSLR Camera
- Lens Sigma 8 mm Fisheye
- Nodal Ninja NN4 Tripod Head
- Manfrotto 190 Carbon Fiber Tripod
- Remote Switch
The software processing of the image was
- Lightroom to process RAW files
- PTGui for stitching images
- Photoshop general and local settings
- PanoTour Pro for generating virtual tour
Making the Virtual Tour of the Sanctuary of Jesus Nazareno in Atotonilco, cultural heritage of humanity; was an unforgettable experience for me. The beauty of this Sanctuary captivates all visitors.
Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
Traducción al idioma inglés realizada por la Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa a través del Centro de Estudio de Idiomas Culiacán. English language translation made by Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa through the collaboration of Centro de Estudio de Idiomas Culiacán