“La Esquina”, Museum of Popular Mexican Toys, represents the Foundation for Conservation of The Juguete Popular Mexicano AC, is one of the museums in Latin America that specializes in permanently displaying approximately three thousand craft handmade toys in four permanent galleries and one temporary, highlighting its artistic qualities as an expression of creativity and cultural diversity. The collection Angelica Tijerina, the basis of the collection represents the work of more than fifty years of collecting pottery, paper, wood, vegetable fibers, metalwork, textiles and other commodities and branches of national handicraft production, with them It shows the cultural richness of Mexican toys all around Mexico, full of creativity, color, wit, identity and sense of fun and festive folk traditions. The teacher Angelica Tijerina of Perez Salinas, has a Master’s degree in Spanish Literature from the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, she is currently the President of the Foundation for the Conservation of Juguete Popular Mexicano A.C. and Director of La Esquina Museum of the Popular Mexican Toy. She is also author of the books: "Las aristas del sueño", "Hojas de mas" and "Disolvencias". As a full- time collector, she devotes all her energy to promoting artists’ work by spreading their art work and promoting public recognition for the Mexican toy. The craftsmen that exhibit their work at the Museum have been specially selected by the quality of their toys, representatives of their regions and masters of the techniques and materials that give them identity : Luis Acuña is a man who picks up cardboard in the streets, Rogelio Cruz makes miniature figures in openwork wood, Guillermo Trejo invents with ingenious mechanisms , wooden games for the delight of children and adults, Martin Estrada uses tins to create carts, tricycles or colored trumpets with aniline. Let's go tinker the toys with our eyes The wind on our face and the tricycle at full speed, we were in the village with my dad and sisters, the large schoolyard allowed us to run around and ride until we were out of sight, turning into the hut from where we returned to with dusty socks and our skirts flying... The wind on our face and the tricycle at full speed, we were in the village with my dad and sisters, the large schoolyard allowed us to run around and ride until we were out of sight, turning into the hut from where we returned to with dusty socks and our skirts flying... That sense of freedom and freshness I enjoy year after year with the arrival of marvelous toys made by artisans for the contest. It is a creative surge for the environment of the popular Mexican folk toy that our dear friends succeed to make with their hands, using materials from their environment: they transform wood chips into cars and trucks with miniature passengers, Ferris wheels, horses and their riders juggling, poise and distinction in the figures. Natural fibers intertwine with dreams turning them into trains and planes that will soon undertake flight, wool fabrics and rayon cloths become beautiful dolls. Musical instruments, waiting for the musicians, cookware made out of clay decorate tin stoves or wood oven. And the tamale sellers or gas suppliers are made into tiny figures and let you play imitating the world and the village chores. World of realities made into a game, pick up the pace to reach the adult world riding on a stick with a horse head made out of cardboard and the fresh smell of paste. World of realities made into a game, pick up the pace to reach the adult world riding on a stick with a horse head made out of cardboard and the fresh smell of paste. Play and keep playing, developing those pieces that become the exhibit for the fifth contest of the Popular Mexican Toy. Thanks to the efforts of our craftsmen today we can share with you the warmth and devotion of artisans who make toys in Mexico, welcome to the village, villages of Mexico represented from Chihuahua to Yucatan the pedaling of our friends, artisans, have come to the park Guanajuato Bicentennial and the museum of the Popular Mexican toy, where this pair of parallel exhibits contain the winners and are selected in this issue. Teacher Angélica Tijerina Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet How this Virtual Tour was made There are times when you photograph of what you see, but sometimes photograph what you discover. It was a very pleasant surprise to visit the Museum of Mexican Folk Toy, where you find wonderful work of Mexican artisans who have specialized in the production of toys. Perhaps one of the biggest challenges that I had with this virtual tour was that almost all the pieces on display are inside furniture with glass windows and light reflections can be a problem for both the high contrast and for the toys to be shot with clarity.
 
Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988, Guanajuato is one of the most beautiful cities in Mexico. Walk the streets of its historic center and admire its incredible colonial architecture. Guanajuato is one of the most picturesque towns in Mexico. Its maze like and cobbled alleys, its small squares, the colors of their facades, its strange topography, its stairways and its lively atmosphere takes visitors to a another world. In the sixteenth century in the subsoil there was found rich veins of gold and silver. Thus, the city grew around this activity and became the most important mining center of the colony. During the War of Independence, this city played a key role, along with neighboring towns like Dolores Hidalgo. Guanajuato had become the capital of the country in the early 1858s, during the first presidency of Benito Juarez; and in the times of Porfirio Diaz some of the most notable buildings including the elegant Juarez Theater and the Legislative Palace and hydraulic infrastructure and monuments were erected. The tour begins in the Garden of Union, surrounded by restaurants and bars where you can spend an afternoon enjoying the atmosphere of the city and the delights of its gastronomy. Just in front we find the emblematic Juarez Theater, an architectural jewel of the Porfiriato with a porch inspired by Roman Doric style and columns holding muses. Inside, a living room (lobby) art nouveau style. Next to the theatre, the Temple of San Diego, with a baroque style with the image of the Virgin of Conception done in 1784, its interior has a museum. Behind the Temple at rising sight stands the monumental statue of the famous hero of the Independence of Mexico, "Pipila". At the foot of this statue is a viewpoint from where we see a magnificent view of the city of Guanajuato. Its most notable celebration, the International Cervantino Festival, attracts thousands of artists and viewers around the world every year. The Basilica of Guanajuato located in the Plaza de la Paz is a beautiful Baroque building made in 1796 which houses the Virgin of Guanajuato. In this square is the Monument of Peace and some small restaurants with a terrace where you can eat at ease. On the same street we see the Legislative Palace housing the three branches of government but currently hosts the Congress of the legislature. And along with it the Mansion of Conde Rul, one of the purest examples of neoclassical in Mexico, built for the owner of the famous Valenciana Mine. A few steps from here is the imposing University of Guanajuato, built with green quarry in neoclassical style with its steps that are already an icon of the city. A few blocks from this place is the imposing Alhóndiga de Granaditas recalls the history of independent era, with its high walls and columns in stone that now houses the Regional Museum of Guanajuato. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet How this Virtual Tour was made Very early one day, I went for a walk to the historical center of the beautiful state capital of Guanajuato, managing to take these images not only of iconic places of this city, but also caught daily scenes of its inhabitants... parents taking children to school, local food stalls where people buy orange juice to fresh bread and homemade traditional foods of the region... its alleys, squares, houses and buildings with saturated colors. It is truly a delight for photographers to walk the streets, where in every corner, every nook you can make beautiful compositions. One morning I will always remember.
 
San Miguel owes a lot to this house of culture and education. Built in the eighteenth century, commissioned by Don Manuel de La Canal, initially as a manor house, the building underwent significant ups and downs over almost two centuries. In 1927, the diplomat and Peruvian artist Felipe Cossio, encouraged by the great intellectual Alfonso Reyes and Jose Vasconcelos and strongly supported by a team of partners that integrated his former PR, American Stirling Dickinson, former Guanajuato governor Enrique Fernández Martínez and Nell Harris wife of the governor, founded the College of Fine Arts and the destiny of the town would change forever. The influx of students brought San Miguel economic relief: Shops, hotels and restaurants began to flourish. In 1950, four years after the creation of the National Institute of Fine Arts, the National Association of Universities and Institutions of Higher Education was formed, with which the Institute Allende formed part of an important educational network that today includes the Maryland Art Institute, Chicago Art Institute, University of Minnesota, Ontario College of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, among others. Starting from the decade of the fifties, a growing number of American war veterans began to move to San Miguel, as a peaceful and quiet option to spend their last years. The advantage that Institute offered was to validate studies in North America, as well as being recognized internationally for studying there. Today, besides the continuity of more than 60 years of education, the Institute Allende houses galleries, cafes, offices and is one of the most popular sites for weddings and events. Adorned with beautifully decorated murals and domes (some presumably made by the painter Martinez Little- blood, the same artist who decorated the Shrine of Atotonilco), the interior courtyards provide pleasant shade and a peaceful atmosphere for visitors, who will not stop being amazed with the architecture of such a beautiful place. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made In the magical town of San Miguel of Allende is the Instituto Allende, a place that because of its picturesque architecture and frescoes colonial colors create a beautiful setting. A site that has a spectacular terrace overlooking the center of the city and the parish of San Miguel Archangel, these majestic views created the ideal frame for the realization of this virtual tour.
 
Located in the heart of Atotonilco, Guanajuato, just eight km away from San Miguel de Allende, towering walls of a church from the 18th century rise grandly. It is a living sanctuary, its religious use continues today. Today, this community is known thanks to the title given to its beautiful Sanctuary of Atotonilco in 2008 by UNESCO, which along with the historic center of San Miguel de Allende name it “Cultural Heritage of Humanity ".This priceless treasure has been an arduous rescue work over the past ten years. The architectural ensemble consists of the main nave, vestry and more than 6 adjoining chapels, and several rooms; spaces illustrated with mural and easel painting, etched altars and sculptures. The building's facade is smooth, with very high walls topped by an inverted arch, forming a ruffle. Upon entering the temple the contrast is striking: the main nave, all walls and ceilings are almost completely covered with mural paintings, sculpture, inscriptions and oil paintings in a style called Mexican folk baroque, although the indigenous influence can be seen. The only exception is the neoclassical altars that were later installed. The magnum art work was designed and directed by Father Luis Felipe Neri of Alfaro, who was inspired by the Holy Sepulcher located in Jerusalem for the conception of the mystical spaces that comprise it. Most of the mural was made by Antonio Martinez de Pocasangre with some parts made by Jose Maria Barajas during a period of thirty years with almost no free space among the many images. The painting style mimics Flemish painting which was known through the Belgian impressions that the Spanish brought from Europe. This mural has made that the complex be called the "Sistine Chapel of America" or the "Sistine Chapel of Mexico.” As an example of this influence is the architectural plant of the annexed Chapels of the Holy Sepulcher and Calvary which together result in the perfect picture of a Latin cross where the arms of the cross make up three magnificent apsidal chapels. In addition, deep into the Sacristy there are two oil paintings of the eighteenth century that illustrate and compare the similarities between the landscapes of San Miguel de Allende and Jerusalem. It is important to mention that this painting is one of the oldest historical records of the urban layout of the town of San Miguel el Grande. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made Conservation of works of art involves an exhaustive control of the environmental conditions in which the work of art is located, including the lighting conditions of the place. When we leave anything in the sun for a while, the characteristics of that object often changes (especially the saturation and hue of colors). Something similar happens with pictures and camera flashes. Perhaps a particular flash may not have major consequences on a picture, but multiply that flash by the huge number of visitors who have some museums and you will understand the reason for photo prohibition. Making the Virtual Tour of the Sanctuary of Jesus Nazareno in Atotonilco, cultural heritage of humanity; was an unforgettable experience for me. The beauty of this Sanctuary captivates all visitor
 
The corridors of the hospital may seem like endless kilometers for a child that hurts for every step they stopped giving because of the ravages of chemotherapy. They are steps that can become memories and anecdotes thanks to the steps and tracks that others have decided to make for a noble cause. The race 19VA Ganac - ITESM is a support of the families of Culiacan for children with cancer. In November of 1996, the founders of Ganac together with the enthusiasm and support of teachers and students of Tecnologico of Monterrey began with what has become a tradition over time; a race that year after year adds more people who enjoy family day with all its members, including their pets, which like their owners, put the shirts on. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made Major events such as the race Ganac - ITESM is the same as previous organizations. It’s good to know all the activities that will be developed. When, where and how. This way it can be estimated what is interesting to photograph, if you have photographic equipment necessary and if there are possibilities of witnessing the chosen activities. There is no need to carry overweight accessories. Many times you'll find yourself surrounded by hundreds of people, like in my case in the Isla de Oraba, where it will be almost impossible that you can move easily. Just take a pair of lenses and turn on your creative soul. What lenses? On the one hand, it depends on the nature of the event. On the other hand, some that best suit the way you see. If you like close details, think short optical, and if your view is always thinking of distant points, then lean for telephoto lenses. You may at times, miss lenses that you decided not to bring, but on many other occasions you'll be happy with the decision, especially when you're working lightly. This time I used a Sigma 8mm for spherical photograph and a Nikkor 24-70 f / 1.8 for a flat photograph. A suitcase or backpack is also important: think of one that will allow you take photographs easily but will not be annoying for people. The smaller and lighter, the better.
 
The brave Pipila The year was 1810, the independence movement was underway, the insurgent troops, commanded by the priest Miguel Hidalgo, had besieged the city of Guanajuato, and the granary of Granaditas was fiercely defended by a regiment of Spanish soldiers who remained barricaded inside without giving signs of surrender. For the insurgents it was necessary to open that granary where the surplus of the annual harvest were kept, which would serve to resupply troops and feed the population stricken by hunger. After several unsuccessful attacks, the only solution seemed to be burning the front door; however, it was a risky approach, because the Spaniards had a better shooting angle and were waiting to kill anyone who approached. Among the rebel fighters a strong voice was heard: "I will burn the door." It was Juan Jose de los Reyes Martinez, a brave indigenous miner who because of beliefs joined the independence movement. He was nicknamed "El Pipila", as turkeys and the eggs that these birds hatch are commonly known by in the Bajio region; one of the versions about the origin of this nickname, notes that El Pipila, having his face full of freckles or possible scars left by smallpox bore a resemblance to the mottled appearance of a turkey’s egg . What there is no doubt about is the physical and mental strength possessed by Juan Jose de los Reyes due to strenuous work he did in the mines of Bajio. Miguel Hidalgo accepted the proposal and El Pipila was on his way. To avoid being struck by bullets, he placed on his back a heavy slab of stone, he took a torch and went to the door of the granary. Shotguns shots whistled and ricocheted off his back. The Spaniard’s desperate attempts to stop him gave no results. Finally, he set fire to the wooden gate and the granary was taken by insurgent troops. Once the Independence of Mexico was consummated, El Pipila returned to his job as a miner up until he passed away due to recurrent poisoning suffered by workers in the mines; however, the event of September 28th 1810 , made El Pípila pass from obscurity to becoming a legendary figure for his bravery and courage. Today he is recognized as a national hero and a symbol of the Independence of Mexico. The monument to Pipila Among the most visited tourist sites in the city of Guanajuato is the Monument to Pipila. This monumental sculpture made with pink quarry was opened in 1939 and is the work of the artist Juan Fernando Olaguibel. Looking at the monument, you can see El Pípila carrying a torch in his right hand directing the attack on the Alhóndiga, while the base that holds the sculpture reads: “... there are still other granary to be lit... " The civic square where the monument is located, being one of the highest points in Guanajuato, offers a spectacular panoramic 360 ° view to appreciate the architectural beauty of this colonial city; if that were not enough, on the back part of the monument is a small museum and stairs that allow you to reach the highest point of the sculpture, which enhances the visual experience you have from the place. To reach the monument a bus that leaves from the Hidalgo market can be taken, it can also be reached by walking up through the alleys leading uphill to the square or taking the funicular that starts from the Teatro Juarez. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made When we go out to photograph it is important to know what type of light we need to get the picture we have in mind, so choosing the right time of day is important. One of the moments where light gives great prominence to the photographs is the "golden hour", who’s warm and soft light creates an atmosphere that we would always like to have. However, what happens next? The answer is the blue hour. The blue hour, as the name suggests, is that moment right after (in the case of the sunset) of the golden hour when the sky has lost practically those orange and yellow tones and begins to dominate an intense blue. A feature of the blue hour, is that the horizon where it has set (or left) the sun has a tonal gradient from blue to orange. The blue sky gradually darkens so it is mandatory to have a tripod to take pictures. In our eyes it even appears to be night, however, with an exposure of several seconds we prove that there is still enough light in the sky as to continue taking pictures. This moment is very useful for taking pictures, like to the Monument to Pipila, which highlights the lighting of the beautiful city of Guanajuato at sunset.
 
Gulls of graceful flight weave figures on the sky of El Maviri, while beneath those same waters also the life of a rich range of marine species. This small island, whose name comes from The Cahita or Yoreme-Mayo, and is actually "Baviri", next to the port of Topolobampo and a few minutes from Los Mochis, also bathes in the Sea of Cortez. A true sanctuary of the osprey, and of the bat in its entrance exists a famous and protected cave already. This fragment of land and sand is a busy place of walks for the neighbors of all the region and the visitors of many other places. The magnificent of a daybreak, the sand in its beaches fulfill with the Golden rising sun. Still virgin in terms of tourist development, El Maviri, offers the visitor that feeling of the natural in all senses of the word, and the feeling of indigenous presences, original owners, who still care for their beloved land before the curious intrusion of The Yoris who visit it. Then, life over the water effervesces of squawking and flapping. During the day, the cool maritime air is filled with aromas that are a gastronomic temptation. It is said that there are more than a hundred fish and seafood dishes (shrimp, aguachiles, ceviches, etc.) that are prepared in the abundant restaurants (some simple bundles) of the island. But above all of them stands out the popular "tossed fish", a true delicacy prepared with coal that constitutes a gastronomic pride of the local restaurants. In the evenings when the Angels flock to the seashore - The Maviri offers a true spectacle of the creation of the world: sunsets painted by the divine brush and palette. With extraordinary shades of reds, oranges and winks of light that make it a place of admiration and reflection to make the pupil marvel ... and relax the Soul. All this happens while the island, silently, observes entertaining to its little brother, the Farallón, that floats through the centuries, there, in the blue waters of the Sea of Cortez. Virtual Reality (VR) Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices There are no limits to see the world: live the experience by yourself in virtual reality ! Join us ! Little Planet Photo Gallery How this Virtual Tour was made The photograph of a beach like El Maviri, where we find besides the landscape, a splendid sun and sky can appear very flat, very two-dimensional. To give greater depth to the image and to introduce to the one who observes the photograph inside the beach can be very useful to incorporate elements in the foreground like people walking to the edge of the beach, the foam of the waves, a mountain of sand, rocks, A small jetty, etc. Try to do different tests by varying the perspective (shoot from higher or lower and you will get completely different results), vary your position to show one or other distribution of rocks, etc.